Hélio Oiticica, Parangolé

Parangolé

Hélio Oiticica, Parangolé, 1964. 

Hélio Oiticica's "moving sculptures" or parangolés were created as a part of the constructivist avant-garde impulse in Brazil in the 1960s and 1970s that saught to give greater agency to the spectator-participant. The worn fabric and form of the capes, which have since become emblematic of the artist and Tropicália in general, embody Oiticica and other Neoconcretists total rejection of the "distant artistocracy of the visual." Some of the parangolés included defiant descriptions and messages as well. Oiticica invited some of friends from Mangueira to perform with the parangolés at the opening of "Opinião 65" at the Museum of Modern Art in Rio de Janeiro, and the group was expelled from promptly the building, going on to perform on the space's exterior.